Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease which causes acute infectious diarrhea in kittens. It may also be found in shelters and catteries, mainly in cats who are poor condition and already suffering from other intestinal infections.
A kitten acquires the bacterium when she comes into contact with contaminated water, food, animal feces, or uncooked beef or poultry. The Campylobacter species is capable of surviving for a period of up to five weeks in either unpasteurized milk or water.
The disease has an incubation period of one to seven days. Acute infection signs include watery diarrhea which contains mucus and sometimes blood and vomiting. The disease will usually run its course in 5 to 15 days, although it may be followed by chronic diarrhea in which the bacteria will be shed in the feces.
Treatment: In mild cases treat the diarrhea (You may want to put your kitten on a 24 hour fast to help put her intestines back on track to getting better. Kittens are at great risk if dehydrated, always provide plenty of fresh, clean water. When you begin to give her food again, put her on a bland diet, such as cooked white rice with boiled hamburger or chicken. You may also try pasta or potato, or purchase a lamb and rice food from your local pet store or supermarket.) and keep the kitten in a nice and warm, dry, and stress-free environment. For serious cases the kitten will need veterinary intervention with intravenous fluids in order to correct dehydration. Antibiotics may also be prescribed.
In humans, Campylobacteriosis is a common cause of diarrhea. Many human cases are caused from contact with a newly acquired puppy or kitten who are suffering from the diarrhea. It is advised that parents should be aware that kittens with diarrhea may harbor zoonotic pathogens. Practicing good hygiene is essential, most especially for young children and those who are immunocompromised.